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  Excavating NJ™ 973-702-0655  
 
  • Sewer Line: The sewer line, also called the main waste line, connects the home plumbing system to the septic tank. It gathers the water that comes through the plumbing--from toilets, sinks, dishwashers and bathtubs--and directs it toward the rest of the septic system.
  • Septic Tank: The septic tank is usually located close to the foundation of the house and it receives the waste from the sewer line. It retains the solid waste and grease from the sewer line. The solids, called sludge, sink to the bottom of the septic tank. A layer of grease floats at the top level of the tank. The tank also contains baffles at the entrance and exit and they slow the flow of the liquid flowing through the tank.
  • Septic Lid: Concrete or Metal lid, covers the top of the septic tank.
  • Baffle: Keeps the solids from leaving the septic tank.
  • Riser: Is an extension between the tank and lid. This brings the lid closer to grade.
  • Effluent Distribution Pipes: The word "effluent" is used to refer to the liquid waste water. The effluent distribution pipes direct the liquid waste from the septic tank to the distribution boxes. Because the distribution pipes are spread out in different areas, there is a network of distribution pipes to direct the effluent into each one.
  • Distribution Box: A septic distribution box is usually made of concrete or plastic. it only has one function, to make sure that the waste water spreads out even more over the area. This is achieved by a number of openings that house septic pipes, and spread the waste over a large area.
  • Leach System: The leaching system, also called a drain field, is a system of trenches in permeable land. The land must pass a "perc" (percolation) test in order to ensure that it is permeable enough. Most times the trenches are laid out in the shape of a fork's tines, (head of the fork) represented by a distribution box.
  • Septic Pumps: Used when effluent needs to be pumped from the house into the septic tank or above the septic tank into a leech filed or pumped to a sewer line.
 

 

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